SAY WHAT? (What is the passage saying?)
- Today we see how the apostles handled a major dispute. Some Jewish Christians from Jerusalem traveled north to Antioch and told the non-Jewish Christians that they needed to be circumcised and obey the law of Moses to be saved. Saved means to be right with God. But, Paul and Barnabas, back from Turkey, opposed this message. This led to a sharp dispute. Both sides agreed to take this debate south and seek guidance from the apostles.
- There were two groups that weighed in on this debate. In the "Circumcise Now" party were former Pharisees who believed that the law of Moses still needed to be followed. After all, God did create it. In the "Freedom From Circumcision" party were Paul, Barnabas, and Peter, who believed we are free from the law because of God's grace and Jesus' sacrifice. Peter reminded the apostles that God gave the Holy Spirit to the non-Jews as well, proving that there is no distinction between them and the Jews in God's eyes.
- In concluding the debate, James (Jesus’ brother) decided that they should not make the Gentiles' lives more difficult. So, a letter would be sent telling them that they don’t have to be circumcised. However, they give them guidance to abstain from four practices:
- Eating food sacrificed to idols
- Eating meat from strangled animals
- Consuming meat that contains blood
- Sexual immorality
SO WHAT? (What are the underlying principles?)
- Many people think of Christianity as a never-ending list of do's and don't's. But we see here that it's not about rules. When the apostles send their letter it contains only four "rules." And even most of these "don't's" are things they could have done, but are kindly being asked not to use their freedom to do those things because it might offend other believers. Christianity is not about religion, it's about relationships.
- Because Christianity is about relationships, because we are family, unity is critical. In this chapter we see the early Christians working to promote unity among believers.
NOW WHAT? (How will you personally apply this passage?)
- Do you approach Christianity more like it's about a religion in which you have to keep rules, or like it's about a relationship with God and others? What are some signs you view it as rule-keeping? What would you do different this week if you were focused on relationships with God and people?
- Do you view unity, especially in the church, as critical? Where have you hurt or not sought unity in your church? If you go to Verve, what efforts could you make to have more unity with other Ververs?