SAY WHAT? (What is the passage saying?)
- In the previous chapter of Leviticus we read about offerings that needed to be made for the unintentional sins of the people. The first four verses of this chapter give four examples of such unintentional sins.
- In verse 5 we see that the person guilty of unintentional sin must confess their sin to God to receive his forgiveness.
- Starting in verse 14 we read of a fifth type of offering, the guilt offering. The guilt offering was similar to the sin offering, with the main difference being that the guilt offering was brought in cases where restitution for the sin could be made. For instance, if someone had stolen property he was to return what was taken, along with a penalty on top of it.
SO WHAT? (What are the underlying principles?)
- In a similar way to this Old Testament teaching, we read in the New Testament, in 1 John 1:9, "If we confess our sins, he is faithful and just and will forgive us our sins and purify us from all unrighteousness." One aspect of seeking and receiving God's forgiveness is confessing the sins we want forgiven to him.
- When we can make restitution (make a wrong right by compensating someone or what we've done or taken from them) we should, which is commanded in the Bible in Exodus 22:3, Proverbs 6:31, and Ezekiel 33:15.
NOW WHAT? (How will you personally apply this passage?)
- What sins (intentional or unintentional) do you need to confess to God and ask his forgiveness for? What sins against a person can you make restitution for? Don't let fear or excuses get in your way; do what you need to do.